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Vishama Jwara Definition, Causes, Varieties, Signs, Therapy


By Dr Raghuram Y.S. MD (Ay) & Dr Manasa, B.A.M.S

When there’s an irregular sample of fever it’s known as vishama jwara. Vishama means’ irregular’, Jwara means fever. The phrase vishama has numerous meanings however within the context of discussing vishama jwara, the that means ‘irregular’ is extra appropriate.

Learn – Charaka – Jwara Chikitsa 3rd Chapter

Definition, Which means

In line with Grasp Vagbhata, the fever which has the under talked about traits known as as vishama jwara –

  • Vishama arambha – abrupt / weird starting – fever begins abruptly, typically from the top and typically from the again and so forth
  • Vishama kriya – weird exercise – typically there can be extreme chilly related to fever and typically with lot of warmth
  • Vishama kala – uneven distribution of period of fever – right here the time of assault of fever and period of struggling must be thought-about. The time and days of assault of anyedhyushka, tritiyaka and chaturthaka fevers are abrupt. In most of these irregular fevers, the fever can manifest earlier than or after the anticipated time and day of their look. Equally the period of fever too could also be abrupt. Typically the fever persists for a brief period and different occasions for longer period.
    Learn – Causes, Symptoms, Treatment Of Recurring Fevers Punaravartaka Jwara

Different definition

‘The fever which seems as soon as once more after durations of remission known as vishama jwara’.

However this definition can’t be accepted since santata kind of irregular fever doesn’t comply with this rule. Then santata won’t be thought-about as irregular fever. Santata fever persists all time. There isn’t any interval of remission in santata fever.

Although there appears to be absence of fever throughout remission, the fever has not gone away from the physique. In irregular fevers, the fever has by no means actually gone off anyplace although there appears to be remission. Even when it seems that the fever has proven remission, the fever is deep seated within the physique tissues in a latent method. For the reason that fever is positioned within the tissues it surfaces but once more after a interval of remission. This era of remission is completely different in various kinds of irregular fevers.

Grasp Sushruta’s reference substantiates this additional –

The irregular fevers by no means actually depart the physique at any time. Through the interval of remission the particular person can be having fatigue, heaviness and emaciation. For the reason that fever seems to have surpassed, one might think about the irregular fever to have cured. For the reason that fever is latent and is adhered inside the deeper tissues, it won’t be evident for a brief period.

Learn – Jwara Pravritti – The Initial Manifestation

In line with Grasp Kashyapa

Grasp Kashyapa has defined the classification of normal and irregular fevers from the attitude of prognosis. He has thought-about irregular fevers as brought on by preta and graha –i.e. supernatural forces.

Attribute options of Sama Jwara – common fevers –

  • Alpa hetu – brought on by much less quantity of etiological components
  • Bahirmarga – fever is positioned within the exterior pathways i.e. superficial
  • Nirupadrava – not related to problems
  • Ekashraya – positioned in part of the physique / single location
  • Sukhopaya – could be simply curable
  • Laghupaka – the doshas could be simply digested

The phrases preta and graha could be thought-about and in comparison with the fever inflicting microorganisms defined within the trendy texts.

The reason of Grasp Sushruta additional substantiates this facet of clarification of irregular fevers –

There are two causes of irregular fevers –

  • Para – the opposite causes, exterior causes, microorganisms
  • Swabhava – nature, inside components, vitiated doshas

He later says that within the irregular fevers there’s most likely an affiliation of exterior components. The phrase ‘most likely’ signifies that these fevers are additionally typically prompted solely because of the vitiation of doshas.

Grasp Dalhana defines ‘para’ as – ‘bhutadi hetuh’ – this too factors in the direction of exterior components like microorganisms.

Some trendy authors of Ayurveda have categorised irregular fevers into Nija i.e. prompted attributable to inner components i.e. doshas and Agantu i.e. exterior components primarily the microorganisms.

 ‘Remission and re-appearance’ shouldn’t be related to all of the irregular fevers. When that is thought-about we’d should take away santata fever from the listing of irregular fevers. That isn’t doable since all authors have accepted 5 forms of irregular fevers.

Due to this fact we are able to conclude by accepting that Grasp Vagbhata’s definition of irregular fevers is essentially the most acceptable one.

Learn – Use Of Herbal Decoctions In Fever -Kashaya In Jwara

Kinds of Vishama Jwara

Sl No Identify of  irregular fever Induced attributable to vitiated doshas lodged in Nature of fever / Signs Trendy equal
1 Santata Jwara Rasa tissue Persists constantly for 7, 10 or 12 days Steady / Remittent Fever
2 Satata Jwara Blood tissue Fever happens twice in a day Double Quotidian Fever
3 Anyedhyushka Jwara Muscle tissue Fever happens as soon as in a day Quotidian Fever
4 Tritiyaka Jwara Fats tissue Fever happens as soon as in various day, on each third day (after hole of someday) Tertian Fever
5 Chaturthaka Jwara Bone and bone marrow tissue Fever happens each fourth day (after hole of two days) Quartan Fever

Santata Jwara

Because the title signifies, fever is steady in case of santata fever. So the fever shouldn’t be irregular. On this perspective it ought to, as a rule, not be certified to be known as irregular fever.

Grasp Charaka states that even santata fever typically comes down for a really brief period. The remission is so small that it’ll exit of discover. That is additionally as a result of after a really brief lower, the fever as soon as once more will increase after which persists for an extended period. Due to this fact we are able to think about santata fever too as a kind of irregular fever as a result of there’s a small remission although unnoticed adopted by a rise of fever. The irregularity sample is anyhow seen.

Grasp Kharanada then again doesn’t settle for santata fever as irregular fever and has counted solely the opposite 4 fevers as irregular. That is most likely because of the grasp not contemplating the small remission current on this fever to rank it as irregular.

Pathogenesis – The vitiated doshas by the rasa carrying channels get distributed all by the physique making the physique inflexible and stiff. This results in the manifestation of santata fever.

Vital factors to find out about Santata Fever

1. It’s a tough situation and can trigger loss of life in fast time.

2. When the doshas get decreased this fever will get pacified in 7, 10 or 12 days. However it causes loss of life in the identical variety of days when the doshas concerned within the fever additional get aggravated.

3. Santata fever is incurable – The santata fever is incurable or curable with problem as a result of the doshas concerned within the causation of those fevers –

  • have the season, tissue and structure of the affected person much like them
  • haven’t any opposing components

4. Seats of santata fever – the 12 seats (elements) of the physique that are contaminated and likewise concerned in inflicting santata fever are – the three doshas, 7 tissues and a couple of excreta i.e. feces and urine. These 12 are thought-about to be the seats of santata fever.

Tissue Relation

Although all of the tissues are the seats of santata fever, it’s primarily prompted because of the vitiated doshas lodged within the rasa tissue.

Learn – Dhatu – 7 Body Tissues As Explained In Ayurveda

Prognosis of santata fevers

Vata, Pitta and Kapha forms of santata fever will get pacified in 7, 10 and 12 days respectively if the tissues are totally cleansed and trigger loss of life in the identical variety of days respectively if the tissues should not cleansed i.e. stay contaminated by the doshas.  

Destiny of santata fevers

The fever will go away / scale back on the 12th day if the tissues should not totally purified, when some among the many 12 elements of the fever are purified and others stay contaminated. Regardless of this, the signs stay latent. The fever as soon as once more comes again on the 13th day. This fever will keep for a lot of days and months and its pacification time will stay unclear.

Therapy ideas of Santata fever

The doctor ought to first think about the etiological components and signs of santata fever after which deal with the situation skillfully. The primary therapies are – depleting / lightening therapies.

Santata fever could be handled solely by totally understanding –

  • the character of this fever
  • character of the doshas concerned
  • concerned tissues
  • seasons and time associated to the fever
  • structure of the affected person

2. Satata Jwara

Pathogenesis – When the vitiated doshas most likely get lodged within the blood tissue, they trigger satata fever. The phrase ‘most likely’ signifies that the doshas are additionally rooted within the different tissues on this fever.

Relation with tissues – Although satata fever is especially prompted because of the doshas positioned within the blood tissue, the fever additionally has its root (impacts) the opposite tissues.

Vital factors to find out about Satata Fever

1. Anybody among the many time (season), structure of the affected person or tissues can be antagonistic to the fever inflicting doshas.

2. The fever rises and subsides in a sample, in its exact time. When the time of the day (or persisting season) is in accordance with the dosha i.e. favorable to the dosha, the fever rises. When the time is antagonistic to the dosha, the fever subsides.

3. The fever manifests twice in a day time.

Principal signs – The fever happens twice in a day.

Learn – Types Of Doshas And Their Functions

3. Anyedhyushka Jwara

Pathogenesis – By acquiring energy by any one of many time (season), structure of the affected person or the tissues, the antagonistic dosha will trigger obstruction within the fats carrying channels of the physique and causes an irregular fever named anyedhyushka fever.

Relation with tissues – The doshas ought to block and contaminate the fats carrying channels to trigger such a irregular fevers. Fats is the tissue which is concerned within the pathogenesis of anyedhyushka fever.

Vital factors to find out about Anyedhyushka Fever

1. Anybody among the many time / season, structure of the affected person or tissue is much like the dosha inflicting this fever. The opposite two components are antagonistic. When the antagonizing components are stronger the fever will subside. However when the dosha will get energy by one of many three components that are much like it, it overcomes the antagonizing components and causes fever.

2. The fever seems as soon as in a day.

Principal symptom – Look of fever solely as soon as in a day is the chief symptom of anyedhyushka fever.

4. Tritiyaka Jwara

Pathogenesis – When the vitiated doshas get lodged within the bones they trigger tritiyaka fevers.

Relation with tissues – The bone tissue is especially contaminated in tritiyaka fevers.

Vital factors to find out about Tritiyaka Fever

1. Tritiyaka fevers are of three varieties –

  • Trikagrahi – When tritiyaka fever is brought on by mixed vitiation of kapha and pitta, the fever begins with ache within the sacral area.
  • Prishtagrahi – When tritiyaka fever is brought on by mixed vitiation of vata and kapha, the fever begins with ache within the again.
  • Shirograhi – When tritiyaka fever is brought on by mixed vitiation of vata and pitta, the fever begins with ache within the head.

In all these subtypes of tritiyaka fever, after the onset ache and discomfort will unfold to your entire physique together with fever.

2. The fever will seem on each third day.

Principal symptom – The fever of tritiyaka comes on each third day i.e. with a spot of 1 day. This implies to inform that the fever after showing on the primary day provides a spot on the second day the place fever shouldn’t be seen. The fever reappears on the third day. Once more there’s a hole on the 4th day and the fever seems on the 5th day. Thus, the fever seems on various days.

5. Chaturthaka Jwara

Pathogenesis – When the vitiated doshas get lodged within the bone marrow tissue they trigger chaturthaka fevers.

Relation with tissues – The bone marrow tissue is especially contaminated in chaturthaka fevers.

Vital factors to find out about Chaturthaka Fever

1. Chaturthaka fevers are of two varieties –

  • Kapha pradhana – When kapha is predominant within the chaturthaka fever, ache happens within the legs.
  • Vata pradhana – When vata is predominant within the chaturthaka fever, ache happens within the head.

2. The fever will seem on each fourth day.

Principal symptom – The fever of chaturthaka comes on each fourth day i.e. with a spot of two days. This implies to inform that the fever after showing on the primary day provides a spot on the second and third days whereby fever shouldn’t be seen. The fever reappears on the fourth day. Once more there’s a hole on the fifth and 6th days and the fever seems on the 7th day.

Chaturthaka Viparyaya

It’s one other variant of chaturthaka fever.

When the three doshas individually get lodged in bones and bone marrow tissues and produce fever, it will likely be known as as chaturthaka viparyaya fever.

It’s a variant of chaturthaka fever as a result of the conduct of the fever is reverse to that of chaturthaka fever. On this variant, the fever as an alternative of showing on the primary and fourth day as in chaturthaka will seem on the 2nd and threerd days. There can be no fever on the first and 4th days.

Distinction of opinion relating to the involvement of tissues

We will see that there’s a distinction of opinion relating to the involvement of tissues within the pathogenesis of various sorts of those irregular fevers after we evaluate grasp Charaka and Sushruta’s views.

Sl No Identify of Visham Jwar Tissue concerned
  Charaka Sushruta
1 Santata Jwara Rasa Rasa tissue
2 Satata Jwara Blood Blood
3 Anyedhyushka Jwara Fats Muscle
4 Tritiyaka Jwara Bone Fats
5 Chaturthaka Jwara Bone marrow Bone and bone marrow

Opinion of Grasp Gananathsen

Other than the above mentioned 5 sorts of irregular fevers, grasp Gananath Sen ji has thought-about the under talked about fevers too as irregular fevers due to similarity in manifestation and presentation. They’re –

  • Vatabalasaka Jwara
  • Pralepaka Jwara
  • Shlaipadika Jwara
  • Upadrava Jwara
  • Sarvadhatugata Jwara

Possible trendy correlation of visama jwaras

Sl No Identify of  irregular fever Trendy equal
1 Santata Jwara Steady / Remittent Fever
2 Satata Jwara Double Quotidian Fever
3 Anyedhyushka Jwara Quotidian Fever
4 Tritiyaka Jwara Tertian Fever
5 Chaturthaka Jwara Quartan Fever

Sanskrit verses

Causes, Pathogenesis

When one consumes unwholesome meals and life actions, the doshas that are already weak or the doshas that are unnoticed in much less amount after remission of fever get aggravated as soon as once more. These doshas on getting lodged in any of the tissues of the physique produce irregular fevers.

Learn – Ayurveda Lifestyle and Diet For Fever – 45 Important Things To Know

Frequent signs (Bhaluki)

The fever known as as visham jwar when –

  • it seems at non-specific / undefined time in an surprising method after one will get uncovered to irregular warmth or chilly
  • its bouts are irregular i.e. typically the fever surfaces with extreme temperature and typically with low temperature

Because of the irregular nature of the time durations through which the fever happens and likewise attributable to its irregular bouts, this fever known as vishama jwara.

Therapy

A. Rules of therapy

1. Sadharana Karma – Common ideas of therapy of fever shall be adopted to deal with tritiyaka and chaturthaka fevers. The exterior components are most likely related to the irregular fevers.

Grasp Chakrapani says that these therapy ideas that are being defined are just for the tritiyaka and chaturthaka fevers having affiliation of bhutas (microorganisms and unseen exterior components).

In line with him, when the doshas are related to bhutas, sadharana karma ought to be administered and so they embrace –

  • Daiva vyapashraya – Sacrifice and so forth divine / non-medicinal therapies
  • Yukti vyapashraya – Natural decoctions and different medicinal compounds ready with skilful precision concentrating on the doshas concerned within the causation of those fevers / medicines antagonistic to doshas or medicines that are antagonistic to the illness

He additional clarifies that the time period vishama jwara within the context of therapies solely consists of tritiyaka and chaturthaka fevers. It additionally consists of one other variant of chaturthaka fever known as chaturthaka viparyaya.

Right here we are able to see that the therapy ideas of different 3 forms of irregular fevers haven’t been included within the clarification of therapy of those fevers. With this we are able to infer that ‘basic ideas of therapy and medicines used to deal with fever shall be adopted within the therapy of different three sorts of irregular fevers’.

2. Therapy of dosha predominant tritiyaka and chaturthaka irregular fevers

Sl No Irregular Fever (Tritiyaka & Chaturthaka) Therapy
1 Vata predominant Oral consumption of medicated ghee, Oil / unctuous enema Decoction enemas Unctuous and scorching automobiles with medicines
2 Pitta predominant Purgation – Milk and ghee processed with pitta assuaging herbs Bitter tasting  and chilly efficiency herbs
3 Kapha predominant Emesis – Ama digesting medicines and measuresDry meals and drinks Lightening therapies Use of astringent tasting and scorching efficiency herbs

B. Medicines and formulations to deal with all types of irregular fevers

Decoction of Triphala – Terminalia chebula, Terminalia bellirica and Emblica officinalis

Juice of Guduchi – Tinospora cordifolia

Use of –

  • Haritaki – Terminalia chebula
  • Pippali – Piper longum
  • Triphala – Terminalia chebula, Terminalia bellirica and Emblica officinalis
  • Panchagavya – 5 milk merchandise – cow dung, cow urine, milk, curd and ghee

C. Dietetic routine in irregular fevers

Earlier than taking meals – Sesame oil blended with paste of garlic ought to be consumed.

Healthful food plan – Consumption of the under talked about meals are useful in irregular fevers –

  1. Rice scum / gruel with wine
  2. Meat of tittira and peacock
  3. Meat taken from fatty animals and meat having scorching efficiency
  4. Milk
  5. Curds
  6. Buttermilk
  7. Ghee

D. Interventions throughout the look / bout of fever (jwara vega)

Measures to be completed on the day of fever, earlier than the bouts of fever happen – Feces of fats blended in milk ought to be given to drink. Alternatively dung of bull and rock salt are blended in curd water or wine and given for consuming.

Nilinyadi Kwatha – When the bouts of fever are available irregular fevers, Nilinyadi Kwatha decoction ought to be given to drink to the affected person who has undergone oleation and sudation. The elements of the decoction are –

  • Nilini Panchanga – entire plant of Indigofera tinctoria (5 elements of the plant – root, bark, leaf, flower and fruit are known as panchanga)
  • Ajamoda – Trachyspermum ammi
  • Trivrit – Operculina turpethum
  • Katuki – Picrorhiza kurrooa

Meals with wine – Massive amount of wine ought to be served with meals when bouts of fever happen. Later the particular person ought to be made to sleep.

Learn – Importance Of Diet (Pathya) For Specific Diseases

E. Panchakarma measures and different therapies (when bouts seem)

Vamana – Shatphala Ghrta is given for consuming in giant portions and later emesis is run. Alternatively meals is given to the purpose of saturation and the affected person is made to vomit.

Vasti – Decoction or strengthening enemas could also be administered to the affected person when the bouts of fever seem.

Nasya

  1. A mix of muscle fats of tiger, rock salt and asafetida taken in equal amount is used as nasal remedy or
  2. A mix of muscle fats of lion, previous ghee and rock salt taken in equal amount is used equally

These formulations shall be used earlier than the bouts of fever happen.

Collyrium –

Equal amount of rock salt, grains of Piper longum, realgar ought to be floor in sesame oil and the resultant paste used as collyrium. This ought to be utilized earlier than the incidence of fever bouts.

Fumigation –

The mix of the under talked about herbs ought to be placed on hearth and the smoke popping out of it ought to be inhaled –

  • Guggulu – Commiphora mukul
  • Nimba patra – leaves of Azadirachta indica
  • Vacha – Acorus calamus
  • Kushta – Saussurea lappa
  • Haritaki – Terminalia chebula
  • Mustard
  • Barley
  • Ghee

Treating on the traces of mano vikaras – thoughts issues

The fumigation procedures, medicated smoking, nasal drops and dietetic protocols defined within the context of unmada and apasmara ought to be used within the therapy of irregular fevers.

F. Daivavyapashraya – divine therapies / non-medicinal therapies

1. Dharana – carrying auspicious issues

  • Auspicious gems and medicines ought to be worn
  • Toxic and anti-poisonous herbs ought to be worn

2. Worship

Lord Shiva within the firm of Goddess Parvati, Nandi – the celestial bull and different followers and Matru Gana ought to be worshipped with utmost reverence.

3. Enchanting Vishnu Sahasranama

Thousand names of Lord Vishnu who bears 1000 heads, Lord of dwelling and inert issues, who’s all pervading, ought to be enchanted with reverence.

4. Yajna – hearth sacrifice

The under talked about ought to be worshipped by performing hearth sacrifice –

  • Lord Brahma
  • Ashwinikumara twins
  • Lord Indra
  • Agni – the fireplace God
  • Himalaya mountain
  • Ganga river
  • Marudgana – group of Gods

5. Different practices

  • Worshipping mother and father and lecturers with reverence
  • Following celibacy
  • Performing penance / meditation
  • Talking fact all the time
  • Dwelling inside restrictions / self restraint
  • Muttering prayers
  • Fireplace sacrifices
  • Studying or listening to Vedas
  • Charity
  • Seeing or being in firm of saints

6. Helpful Formulations

  • Sarvajwarahara Lauha
  • Sudarshana Churna
  • Sudharshana Ghana Vati
  • Vettumaran Gulika
  • Amritarishtam
  • Amrutottaram Kwatham
  • Tribhuvana Kirti Rasa
  • Amruta Sattva
  • Shatphala Ghrta

Click to Consult Dr Raghuram Y.S. MD (Ayu) 

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