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Vaya Pariksha Examination Of Age Of The Affected person, Significance


By Dr Raghuram Y.S. MD (Ay) & Dr Manasa, B.A.M.S
Examination of age is the tenth issue to be thought-about within the examination of sufferers as defined by Grasp Charaka within the 10 fold examination. The age issue is a vital facet which must be thought-about. Totally different ailments are manifested at totally different ages. The medicines and therapies, their amount by way of dosage and energy of the medicines prescribed too will range in keeping with age.
Vaya = age
Pariksha = examination
Vaya Pariksa means examination of the age of the affected person.
Learn – 10 Factors Of Patient Examination – Dasha Vidha Atura Pareeksha

Examination of age within the affected person

The affected person also needs to be examined by age issue. Age is outlined because the stage of the physique relying on totally different portions of time interval.

This age issue is roughly of three varieties. They’re –

1. Bala – childhood
2. Madhya vaya – center age
3. Jirna vaya – outdated age
Learn – Doshas in Relation to Age, Season and Time of Day

Bala  Avastha

This stage of age is split into two phases.
1. Section 1 – Aparipakva Dhatu

Right here the tissues of the physique are incompletely mature or immature. This age ranges from 1 – 16 years of age.

Options of first stage of bala avastha –

Sl No Function That means
1 Aparipakva dhatu immature / incomplete formation and maturation of tissues within the physique
2 Ajata vyanjanam the indicators of youth will not be manifested i.e. the beard, moustache and so on don’t seem
3 Sukumara delicate nature of the physique
4 Aklesha saham can not tolerate hardships of life
5 Asampurna balam  the energy and endurance of the physique too is incomplete i.e. not completely current
6 Shleshma dhatu prayam Predominance of kapha could be seen on this age

From the remedy perspective, ailments occurring on this section shall be dealtby utilizing delicate efficiency medicines, herbs and formulations, in decrease doses.

2. Section 2 – Vardhamana Dhatu
Right here the tissues of the physique are in a state of progress and maturation. This age ranges from 17 – 30 years of age.

Options of twond stage of Bala Avastha –
–  Vivardhamana dhatu gunam – the tissues are in a relentless state of progress and maturation, faster and steadier than the primary section of bala stage

–  Prayena anavasthita sattvam – principally in all individuals of this stage the thoughts is in an unstable situation i.e. there may be fluctuation and fickleness of thoughts and the individual is attracted in the direction of untoward and undesired sense objects

From the remedy perspective there will likely be no restriction of giving delicate efficiency medicines or medicines in decrease doses. Larger doses of robust medicines could be tried at this age to fight the sickness. Equally stronger therapies compared to the 1st section will also be administered skillfully.
Learn – How Dose Of Ayurvedic Medicine Is Decided? 7 Factors

Madhya Vaya

This stage includes individuals within the age group of 31-60 years. Options of individuals in center age –

1. The under talked about options will likely be balanced and effectively outlined and matured –
Bala – energy
Virya – efficiency
Paurusha – valor
Parakrama – valor
Grahana shakti – greedy energy
Dharana shakti – retention energy
Smarana shakti – reminiscence energy
Vachana – capability to talk
Vijgnana – data and energy of communication

2. Sarva dhatu gunam – maturation and institution of qualities of all of the tissues within the physique to their optimum
3. Bala sthitam – the physique will likely be robust and match
4. Avasthita Sattvam – there will likely be stability of thoughts
5. Avishiryamana dhatu gunam – the qualities of the tissues don’t get deteriorated or diminished
6. Pitta dhatu prayam – most likely the pitta will likely be predominant on this age
Learn – Pitta Dosha – General Introduction

Jirna Vaya

That is the outdated age and last section of age in a single’s life. This age group includes individuals above the age group of 60 years.

Options of individuals in outdated age –

1. The under talked about options will both diminish or get destroyed –
Dhatu – tissues, by way of high quality and amount
Indriya bala – energy of the sense organs / operate of notion by sense organs
Virya – efficiency
Paurusha – virility
Parakrama – valor
Grahana shakti – greedy energy
Dharana shakti – retention energy
Vachana – capability to talk
Vijgnana – data and energy of communication

2. Bhrashyamana Dhatu Gunam – deterioration and destruction of all of the tissues and the qualities of the tissues

3. Vayu dhatu prayam – Vata will likely be predominant on this age
Learn – Vata Dosha – Introduction, 40 Things To Know

Limitations of ageing by way of lifespan

Individuals of outdated age group are usually seen to be residing as much as 100 years of age. And this isn’t a rule. There are individuals who stay greater than 100 years and likewise there are numerous who stay lower than 100 years. Subsequently the overall threshold of an individual’s common lifespan could be thought-about 100 years.

The individuals who stay for greater than or lower than 100 years must be totally examined by way of structure, essence of tissues, compactness of the physique, amount and measurements of physique elements, compatibility, energy to train and digestive energy and different components, however with exception of vikriti i.e. illness. Following this, relying on the info of indicators and signs obtainable about these components, the lifespan and longevity of the individuals must be understood. These individuals are as soon as once more divided into 3 teams.

1. Lifespan of 120 years – If the structure and so on components have huge energy, the individual will stay for 120 years. This lifespan shall be as soon as once more categorized into 3 age-groups.

a. Bala stage / childhood, teen and youth – 1-36 years of age
b. Madhya / center age – 37-72 years of age
c. Jirna / outdated age – 73-120 years of age

2. Lifespan of 100 years – If the structure and so on components have good energy, the individual will stay for 100 years. That is the typical lifespan. This lifespan shall be as soon as once more categorized into 3 age-groups.

a. Bala stage / childhood and teenage & youth – 1-30 years of age
b. Madhya / center age – 31-60 years of age
c. Jirna / outdated age – 61-100 years of age

3. Lifespan of 80 years – If the structure and so on components have least energy, the individual will stay for 80 years. This lifespan shall be as soon as once more categorized into 3 age-groups.

a. Bala stage / childhood and teenage & youth – 1-27 years of age
b. Madhya / center age – 28-54 years of age
c. Jirna / outdated age – 55-80 years of age
Learn – Ayu – Meaning, Explanation, Types Of Lifespan

Examination of Ayu – Lifespan

Ayu means lifespan. Really the which means of Ayu is greater than this. Ayu represents the integrity and energy of affiliation of 4 components i.e. physique, thoughts, senses and soul. This shall be examined on the strains of

Want of inspecting the age of the affected person

For the reason that examination of the affected person is completed for correct prognosis, to know the standing of doshas, tissues and different physique parts and likewise for planning the remedy, the age, identical to another issue talked about amongst the ten sorts of affected person examination defined in Charaka Vimana Sthana part will not be solely helpful but additionally a compulsory device.

Each facet of the individual shall be analyzed from the age perspective. It is because the dosha predominance, the type of pathology and ailments manifested, the energy and tolerance of the sufferers, the dose of medicines, the depth of therapies deliberate and carried out, the prognosis and lot of different components are totally different at totally different ages and levels of explicit age group.

The energy, efficiency and so on components will likely be completely totally different at totally different levels and phases of age and these decide the character of prognosis and remedy choices to be thought-about. Whereas these components are creating in childhood and teenage / adolescence, they’re immature and incompletely shaped, they’re at their peak of energy within the center age and can get deteriorated and diminished in the direction of outdated age.

The doctor and the remedy choices he would contemplate for any given affected person would fail if the age issue will not be considered. Subsequently examination of age varieties an essential step within the protocol of ‘affected person examination’ and must be included as a rule.

Click to Consult Dr Raghuram Y.S. MD (Ayu)

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