By Dr Raghuram Y.S. MD (Ay) & Dr Manasa, B.A.M.S
Our physique is made up of seven tissues. They’re – lymph / plasma, blood, muscle groups, fats, bones, bone marrow and semen. These tissues not solely kind the anatomical make of our physique but additionally would supply the primary and finest line of protection. The more healthy the tissues, the more healthy are our physique and thoughts. The well being, structural and purposeful steadiness of our tissues additionally determines our immunity, health, compactness and endurance.
Sara = essence / richness / substance / power / superlative high quality
Pariksha = examination
Examination of the essence and high quality of tissues is essential within the medical examination of the affected person. Sara pariksha is one among the many tenfold affected person examination defined by Grasp Charaka.
Learn – 10 Factors Of Patient Examination – Dasha Vidha Atura Pareeksha
Evaluation of Sara pareeksha
When any specific tissue is wealthy in its essence and qualities they’d present the indicators of their richness. These indicators are referred to as sara lakshanas or indicators of richness of that specific tissue. These indicators are tissue particular and have been enlisted individually in our classics. They assist the doctor to seek out out which tissue is wealthy in its essence through which particular person.
Explicit particular person enriched with the standard and amount of a selected tissue will likely be declared to have the sara of that specific tissue. Instance – if the blood tissue is wealthy in a given particular person will probably be discovered due to presence of indicators of richness of essence of this specific tissue i.e. rakta sara lakshanas. Such an individual will likely be referred to as as raktasara purusha i.e. an individual having richness of essence of blood tissue.
Learn – Dhatu – 7 Body Tissues As Explained In Ayurveda
Do all folks have a richness of all tissues?
No, all individuals won’t have richness of all tissues. There will likely be predominance of 1 or the opposite tissues over the opposite tissues and that can demarcate its richness compared to the opposite tissues.
Is richness of 1 tissue equal to extend in tissue?
Enhance in tissue is a pathological situation (dhatu vriddhi). The richness of essence of tissue is completely completely different from improve of tissue and shouldn’t be confused with the identical. Richness of the essence of tissue is physiological and could also be genetic additionally. It signifies that one tissue is richer than the opposite. It doesn’t point out dominance of that tissue over the opposite.
Equally, when one tissue is richer, the opposite tissues will not be poorer. The opposite tissues are additionally physiologically competent and anatomically enriched with their properties. Their richness is lesser than that of the richer tissue. Thus, the tissues which aren’t richer in a selected particular person don’t denote pathological lower. The query of relative imbalance too doesn’t come into the query.
Learn – Difference Between The Terms Prasada And Sara
Significance of Sara Pariksha
Generally the doctor simply by contemplating the bodily look of the affected person could fall right into a suspicion of contemplating – A well-built particular person as a robust particular person and a lean particular person as weaker particular person
The power of an individual can’t be generalized on bodily look and construct of the affected person. This may put the doctor within the mistaken observe when it comes to diagnosing the illnesses, analyzing the power and endurance of the affected person, to resolve the prognosis of a illness and likewise to prescribe drugs and therapies.
Clear evaluation and examine of the richness of the essence of tissue in a given particular person will assist the doctor in correctly understanding the illness, power and endurance of the affected person and likewise will help make correct prognosis, analysis and implementing appropriate interventions with out leaping into mistaken conclusions.
Learn – How To Make Prognosis Of Disease According To Ayurveda?
Grasp Charaka has burdened upon the examination of the richness of essence of the tissue to forestall the doctor from making this error of ‘deciding the power of the affected person on the idea of bodily look’.
Grasp Charaka additional says that on many events we get to see a skinny one who apparently appears to be like weak will transform stronger. However, we additionally see people who find themselves nicely constructed and look wholesome, match and powerful will really be weaker individuals. Due to this fact, the power and tolerance of the affected person doesn’t depend upon the constructed and bodily look.
Grasp Charaka explains this with an instance. We get to see that the ants and small bugs despite having smaller our bodies will carry or push meals particles and issues which weigh greater than their physique. Equally, folks with smaller and thinner physique frames could be stronger and be able to doing actions past their power. However, folks with greater and bigger physique frames could be weaker and won’t be able to doing even the best of duties which ought to in any other case be simpler for them to do.
That is the rationale the examination of sara must be carried out on the affected person and essentially included within the investigation protocol.
Learn – Roga, Rogi Pareeksha: Examination Of Disease And Patient
Addition of Sattva Sara
The examination of richness of the essence of thoughts has additionally been included within the checklist of sara examination together with the examination of richness of tissues. Other than this grasp Charaka has additionally included the examination of thoughts individually amongst the 10-fold examination of the affected person. This reveals the significance given to the thoughts and thoughts examination by our historical seers and physicians.
Learn – Personality Types And Features Based On Satva, Rajas, Tamas
Indicators of richness of essence of tissues and thoughts
1. Twak Sara Purusha Lakshana – Indicators of richness of essence of rasa tissue / enriched pores and skin
a. Attribute options of individuals enriched with rasa tissue is measured on the idea of richness, high quality and well being of pores and skin. The beneath talked about are indicators of high-quality rasa tissue within the physique –
The pores and skin of those individuals is unctuous, clean, tender, engaging, delicate and lustrous. Likewise, the hairs of those individuals are additionally unctuous, clean, tender, nice, delicate, minute, much less distributed and deep rooted.
Learn – Signs Of Good Skin Health (Twak Sara Purusha Lakshanas)
b. The particular person having enriched rasa tissue is endowed with the beneath talked about indicators / qualities –
|l No||Indicators of richness of rasa tissue||That means|
|1||Sukha||Consolation and happiness|
|5||Buddhi||Excessive stage of intelligence|
|6||Vidya||Good training and knowledge|
|7||Arogya||Good well being|
2. Rakta Sara Purusha Lakshana – Indicators of richness of essence of blood tissue / enriched blood
a. The beneath talked about are indicators of high-quality blood tissue within the physique – The ears, eyes, face, tongue, nostril, lips, palms, soles, nails, brow and penis of the particular person are unctuous, crimson, lovely and dazzling.
Learn – Signs Of Person Having Enriched Blood (Rakta Sara Purusha Lakshanas)
b. The particular person having enriched blood tissue is endowed with the beneath talked about indicators / qualities –
|Sl No||Indicators of richness of bood tissue||That means|
|1||Sukha||Consolation and happiness|
|3||Medha||Good greedy energy|
|6||Anati balam||Much less power and endurance|
|7||Aklesha sahishnutvam||Incapability ro face difficulties and hardships of life|
|8||Ushna asahishnutvam||Warmth intolerance|
3. Mamsa Sara Purusha Lakshana – Indicators of enriched muscle groups
a. The beneath talked about are indicators of top of the range muscle tissue within the physique – The temples, brow, atlanto-occipital joint, eyes, cheek (higher jaw), decrease jaw, neck, shoulder, axilla, chest and joints of the limbs are secure, heavy, good trying / engaging and nicely coated with muscle groups.
Learn – Signs Of Person With Enriched Muscle Tissue (Mamsa Sara Purusha Lakshanas)
b. The particular person having enriched muscle tissue is endowed with the beneath talked about indicators / qualities –
|Sl No||Indicators of enriched muscle tissue||That means|
|1||Kshama||Potential to forgive others|
4. Meda Sara Purusha Lakshana – Indicators of enriched fats
a. The beneath talked about are indicators of top of the range fats tissue within the physique – The complexion voice, eyes, hairs, physique hairs, nails, enamel, lips, urine and feces have extra unctuousness and look oily.
Learn – Signs Of Person Having Enriched Fat Tissue (Medo Sara Purusha Lakshanas)
b. The particular person having enriched fats tissue is endowed with the beneath talked about qualities –
|Sl No||Indicators of enriched fats tissue||That means|
|7||Sukumara upacharata||Delicate nature and intolerance to robust therapies|
5. Asthi Sara Purusha Lakshana – Indicators of richness of essence of bone tissue / enriched bone
a. The beneath talked about are indicators of top of the range bone tissue within the physique – The heels, ankles, knees, forearm, collarbones, chin, head, small joints of palms and toes, bones, nails and enamel are strong and large.
Learn – Signs Of Person Having Enriched Bones (Asthi Sara Purusha Lakshanas)
b. The particular person having enriched bone tissue is endowed with the beneath talked about indicators
|Sl No||High quality endowed in these having enriched bone tissue||That means|
|3||Klesha Sahatva||Endurance / tolerance to hardships of life|
|4||Sara sharira||Nicely constructed physique|
|5||Sthira Sharira||Sturdy and secure physique|
6. Majja Sara Purusha Lakshana – Indicators of richness of essence of bone marrow tissue / enriched bone marrow
a. The beneath talked about are indicators of top of the range bone marrow tissue within the physique – The particular person has robust physique, tender physique elements, unctuous complexion, melodious voice, distinguished, lengthy and rounded joints.
Learn – Signs Of Person Having Enriched Bone Marrow Tissue (Majja Sara Purusha Lakshanas)
b. The particular person having enriched bone marrow tissue is endowed with the beneath talked about indicators / qualities –
|Sl No||High quality endowed in these having enriched bone marrow tissue||That means|
|5||Vijnanbhaj||Particular data of science|
7. Shukra Sara Purusha Lakshana – Indicators of richness of essence of semen tissue / enriched semen
a. The beneath talked about are indicators of top of the range semen tissue within the physique – The particular person can have light look and will likely be recognized together with his gentleness, can have milky white eye, good sexual capability and competence, unctuous – spherical – agency – even and compact enamel, enamel resemble Arabian jasmine, has nice – unctuous complexion and voice has lustrous look and can have distinguished gluteal elements.
Learn – Shukra Sara Purusha Lakshanas – Person With Enriched Reproductive Tissue
b. The particular person having enriched bone semen is endowed with the beneath talked about indicators / qualities –
|Sl No||High quality endowed in thosehaving enriched semen tissue||That means|
|1||Stri Priyatva||Favored by girls|
|2||Stri Upabhogitva||Enjoyment in intercourse|
8. Sattva Sara Purusha Lakshana – Indicators of richness of essence of thoughts / enriched thoughts qualities
The beneath talked about are indicators of top of the range thoughts or enriched thoughts qualities –
|Sl No||High quality of enriched thoughts||That means|
|1||Smritimanta||Have good reminiscence|
|5||Shuchi||Has pure physique, thoughts and ideas|
|9||Samara vikranta yodhina||Expert in warfare, valiant in battlefield, nice warriors|
|10||Tyakta vishada||Devoid of despair|
|11||Suvyavastitha gati||Actions and actions are nicely organized|
|12||Gambhira buddhi||Extremely intellectuals|
|13||Suvyavasthita gambhira cheshta||Their works are immensely deliberate, organized and executed|
|14||Kalyana abhiniveshinah||Dedicate themselves for the wellbeing and welfare of different folks|
Forms of Sara primarily based on the amount of richness of essence of tissues and thoughts
1. Sarva Sara Purusha Lakshana – indicators of richness of all tissues and thoughts
Beneath talked about are the qualities and attribute options of individuals having richness of all of the tissues and thoughts –
|Sl No||High quality of enriched ‘all tissues and thoughts’||That means|
|1||Atibala||Immense power and endurance|
|2||Parama sukha yuktah||Immense happiness and pleasure|
|3||Kleshasahah||Tolerates hardships of life|
|4||Sarva arambheshu atmani jata pratyayaah||They imagine and are assured of reaching success in any and all works and duties they uptake|
|5||Kalyana abhiniveshinah||They’re at all times indulged in good and noble deeds|
|6||Sthira samahita sharirah||Have secure, robust and compact physique|
|7||Susamahita gatayah||Their works and actions are nicely deliberate and arranged|
|8||Sa anunada snigdha gambhira maha svarah||They’ve resonant, unctuous, deep and loud voice|
|9||Sukha Aishvarya Vitta Upabhoga||Get pleasure from pleasure, goodness and wealth|
|10||Sammana bhajo||They acquire respect within the society|
|11||Manda Jarasoh||They age slowly|
|12||Manda vikarah||The illnesses won’t afflict them or even when they afflict their depth will likely be delicate, they won’t be concerned by illnesses|
|13||Prayah tulya guna vistirna apatyaya||They’ll have many youngsters who’re additionally adorned with comparable qualities and options talked about above|
|14||Chirajivinascha||Will get pleasure from longevity|
2. Asara Purusha Lakshana – qualities of individuals devoid of essence of any / all tissues and thoughts
If the qualities of richness of any of the above-mentioned tissues and thoughts will not be present in any particular person, that particular person will likely be thought of as ‘devoid of sara’ or asara. These persons are susceptible and inclined for big range of problems and they’re at all times unwell or unhealthy. They won’t be bestowed by any good virtues present in folks having good essence of specific or all tissues and their life span will likely be much less.
Learn – Strength And Immunity Of Person In Different Dosha Constitution
3. Madhya Sara Purusha Lakshana – qualities of individuals having medium / average essence of tissues and thoughts
If one of the best essence of some tissues is offered and a few are absent, such individuals are mentioned to have average quantities of essence of tissues and thoughts. The illnesses may also have an effect on them in average proportions. Their well being isn’t good compared to these having richness of all tissues however is much better than those that have poverty of essence of tissues. These folks get pleasure from average virtues bestowed by the essence of tissues and can have average lifespan.
Thus, sara pariksha i.e. examination of the richness of the essence of tissues is essential for analyzing the amount of power and endurance of a person / affected person. The eight forms of sara have been defined to assist the physicians to make correct evaluation of the power of the affected person and plan the remedy accordingly.