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Pramana Pariksha Examination Of Measurements Of Physique Elements


By Dr Raghuram Y.S. MD (Ay) & Dr Manasa, B.A.M.S
Measurement of physique elements is a vital facet of medical examination of the affected person. It’s one among the many tenfold examinations defined by Grasp Charaka. It’s the fifth one within the listing of 10 examinations to be carried out on the affected person.
Pramana = amount /measurements
Pariksha = examination
Learn – 10 Factors Of Patient Examination – Dasha Vidha Atura Pareeksha

Want of Pramana pareeksha

Each physique half has its personal measurement and dimension. Measurements of particular person elements and in addition their relative measurements with different elements must be correct, proportionate and balanced. These measurements and dimensions must be in sync with the general measurement of your entire physique. If these measurements are larger or lesser than what they should be i.e. roughly than the conventional values, they are going to be thought-about as disproportionate and pathological. These measurements and dimensions are totally different for various folks.

The particular person in whom the physique elements are proportionate each individually and comparatively is alleged to be wholesome and match. Ayurveda was the primary well being science to talk about and describe the anatomical steadiness and proportionality of the physique elements.
Learn – Roga, Rogi Pareeksha: Examination Of Disease And Patient

Examination

Grasp Charaka tells that the affected person examination shall even be carried out by measuring his or her physique elements.

Unit of measurement – anguli pramana. This implies to inform that the physique elements shall be measured with one’s personal finger measurement. All of the measurements i.e. size, breadth, top and circumference of the physique elements are measured precisely with the identical models.

Anguli Pramana / Swa Anguli Pramana – is the size / measurement equal to the size of transverse measurement of 1’s personal center phalanx of the center finger. It’s the unit of measurement of the size of the physique elements and constructions.
Learn – Anguli Pramana: Linear Measurement As Per Ayurveda

The measurement of physique elements as talked about by Grasp Charaka are as beneath talked about (all measured in anguli pramana) –

Sl No A part of the physique Thickness / Top Width / circumference (cir) Size
01 Foot 04 06 14
02 Legs 18 16 (cir)14 (Sushruta)  
03 Knee 04 16 (cir)14 (Sushruta)  
04 Thigh 18 30 (cir)  
05 Testes 08 (cir) 06 02 (Sushruta)  
06 Penis 05 06  
07 Vagina   12  
08 Waist   1618 (Sushruta)  
09 Base of urinary bladder   10  
10 Stomach / stomach 12 10  
11 Flanks / sides of chest and stomach 10 12  
12 Distance between breasts   12  
13 Breast / areola     02
14 Chest / thorax 12   24
15 Coronary heart     03
16 Shoulders     08
17 Shoulder blades / scapular area     06
18 Brachium / arms     16
19 Antebrachium / forearms     15
20 Palms / arms     12
21 Axillae / armpit     08
22 Sacrum     12
23 Again / dorsal backbone (higher again)     18
24 Neck 04 22 (cir)  
25 Face 12 25 (cir)  
26 Mouth / oral cavity 05    
27 Chin Lips Ears Nostril Brow     04
28 In between the eyes 04    
29 Head 16 32 (cir)  
30 Full physique 84120    
30 Intestines     3 ½ vyama (male), 3 vyama (feminine)

The measurement of your entire physique (top) based on Grasp Charaka is 84 anguli.
Learn – Anjali Pramana: Volume Measurement As Per Ayurveda

Sanskrit verses

Kinds of physique measurements

Relying on the above-mentioned rationalization of Grasp Charaka, the measurements of the physique could be of three sorts. They’re –

1. Sama Sharira / Ayama-vistara samam – Proportional Physique Body / measurements

The physique is alleged to be proportional or of getting correct measurement if the size and breadth of the physique is of identical measurements.

Learn how to calculate –

a. The gap from crown of the top to the foot is measured and famous down. This will probably be 84 angula in measurement.

b.   The particular person is requested to increase his arms such that they’re horizontal to the size of the physique and parallel to the ground. Now the gap between the ideas of center fingers are calculated and famous down. This must also be 84 angula in measurement.

‘Distance a’ must be equal to ‘distance b’ i.e. the gap between head and foot must be equal to the gap between the ideas of the center fingers when arms are prolonged. Now the size and breadth of the physique are stated to be equal and the physique is alleged to be proportional. This proportionality is an indicator of excellent well being of the person.

When the physique measurements i.e. size and breadth are equal and proportional the particular person will probably be bestowed with longevity, and better of power, essence of tissues (ojas), happiness / pleasure, wealth, goodness and auspiciousness. Every little thing they suppose will occur i.e. the particular person can obtain something in life simply by pondering of it and with decided strategy. These individuals are immensely blessed with fortune.
Learn – Signs Of Person Having Enriched Bones (Asthi Sara Purusha Lakshanas)

2. Madhyama Sharira – Extreme physique body / measurements

The physique is alleged to be having medium measurements if the size and breadth of the physique are in extra of what’s desired to be thought-about as proportional i.e. disproportionate physique body whereby size and breadth are greater than the conventional limits.

Both the size will probably be greater than 84 angula or the breadth will probably be greater than 84 angula or each these dimensions will probably be greater than the talked about worth.

When the physique measurements i.e. size and breadth are unequal and disproportional i.e. greater than regular dimensions – the particular person will probably be bestowed with average life span and average quantities of options like power and so forth as talked about in sama sharira sort.
Learn – Bala Samprapti: Understanding pathogenesis Based On Causes And Symptoms

3. Hina Sharira – Lesser physique body / measurements

The size and breadth of the physique are lower than what’s desired to be thought-about as proportional i.e. disproportionate physique body whereby size and breadth are lower than the conventional limits.

Both the size will probably be lesser than 84 angula or the breadth will probably be lesser than 84 angula or each these dimensions will probably be lesser than the talked about worth.

Right here the particular person will probably be bestowed with much less life span and fewer quantities of options like power and so forth as talked about in sama sharira sort.

In response to Sushrutha

The peak of Sarva Shareera (No 29) is given as 120 anguli. Dalhana, commentator of Sushruta Samhita tells that the peak of the physique with each higher limbs raised is 120 angulis.

Vyama (No 30) – Distance between proper and left fingertips when each the arms are fully kidnapped. Sushruta has talked about the dimension of Stree vaksha (chest of feminine) as 18 angulas
Learn – Acharya Sushruta: Work, Samhita, Legacy, Amazing Facts

Significance of Anguli Pramana

Anguli pramana offers us an correct measurement of the physique elements. When they’re in regular proportions, they point out good well being. Something much less or greater than the talked about norms would recommend abnormality and pathology. It signifies that there’s a proportional imbalance in physique dimensions. This might point out that the particular person whose anguli pramana is being measured is just not at one of the best of his or her well being.

Click to Consult Dr Raghuram Y.S. MD (Ayu)

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