By Dr Raghuram Y.S. MD (Ay) & Dr Manasa, B.A.M.S
Samhanana Pariksha means examination of compactness of the physique. It’s one among the many tenfold examinations of the affected person as defined by Grasp Charaka.
Samhanana = compactness
Pariksha = examination
Sanghata and samyojana are the synonyms of samhanan, all of which imply compactness of the physique.
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Attribute options of compact physique
When the physique has good compactness, which is without doubt one of the instruments of measurement of complete well being, the physique will exhibit the beneath talked about attribute options –
- Sama suvibhakta asthi – the bones of the physique are in proper stability, in proper proportions, distributed in a proper and even method
- Subaddha sandhi – nicely shaped, built-in and secure bony joints
- Sunivishta mamsa shonitam – correct stability and distribution of muscle mass and blood within the physique
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Power of the physique based mostly on compactness
The energy of the individual may be selected the kind of compactness she or he has. This may assist the doctor to make choices relating to the interventions and energy of the medicines to be suggested for the given affected person. This additionally would classify the compactness into 3 varieties.
|Sl No||Sort of compactness||Sort of energy|
|1||Su-samhanana / Pravara samhanana (Good compactness)||Pravara Bala – good energy|
|2||Madhyama Samhanana (Average compactness)||Madhyama Bala – average energy|
|3||Avara Samhanana (Least compactness)||Avara Bala – least energy|
Significance of Samhanana Pariksha
Samhanana pareeksha determines the energy of a person. It thus helps in analyzing the energy and endurance of the person, wholesome or in any other case.
Well being of the physique can also be depending on energy and endurance of the physique. Due to this fact, an excellent compact physique signifies a wholesome physique. Equally, average compactness suggests average well being and insufficient compactness signifies unhealthy well being.
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From the reason of Grasp Charaka it’s clear that the compactness of the physique of any particular person is measured and selected the premise of stability and distribution of bones, joints, muscle mass and blood within the physique. Due to this fact, cautious evaluation of those tissues when it comes to their high quality and amount and the way wholesome they’re and the way finest they’re distributed and synchronized provides the doctor an thought of the compactness of the physique.
Amongst these the bones, joints and muscle mass type an essential a part of the musculoskeletal system. Due to this fact, the examination of the musculoskeletal system and standing of blood i.e. the balanced blood circulation decide the compactness of the physique. The stability and integrity of those tissues together with their even distribution is the important thing for deciding the compactness of the physique.
Enhance, lower or proportional imbalance in these tissues will result in imbalanced compactness. The muscle mass, bones and joints are all related in structural integrity and practical integrity too. Their integration and relative well being is the important thing for actions and locomotion. Due to this fact, with the compactness of the physique doesn’t hold as much as its customary limits of figuring out well being, the actions and locomotion too will likely be hampered.
Sama samhanana – i.e. balanced compactness of the physique is without doubt one of the indicators of excellent well being in response to a reference from Charaka Samhita. Charaka additionally tells that the one who has proportionate and evenly distributed musculature, compactness, robust sense organs (notion) is not going to suffer from the energy of the ailments (robust ailments) and likewise those that have the capability to tolerate starvation, thirst, solar warmth, chilly and results of bodily workout routines, who has correct urge for food and digestive energy and has good nourished muscle mass. Because of this these persons are more healthy compared to others. Right here we are able to observe that the compactness of the physique has been thought of as one of many parameters for accessing well being and energy of people.
These are the the explanation why the compactness of the physique needs to be examined and analyzed totally.
Affected person Statement
Does the joints of the affected person look compact and in a single piece?
Are the joints look weak?
Do the muscle mass look robust and tidy?
Does the fats has undesirable fats deposits in arms, stomach, buttocks?
Does all of the organs and limbs look well-nourished?
Is there a glow and radiance?
Is there physique stability and symmetry?